Eating Disorders: The Causes and Treatment Options

February 27th, 2009 § 0

Eating Disorders

Bulimia Nervosa and Anorexia Nervosa are two most known types of eating disorders, which occur rather frequently and prevail in females (over 80% of occurrence).  Anorexia can be diagnosed in the situations, when patients have strong tendencies to self-starvation and refuse to eat in normal amounts. Bulimia is a disease, when an individual lives repeated incidents of purging the food out of the body by causing vomiting or opening the bowels, followed by random attacks of binge-eating and starvation.

Specialists suppose that the causes of both disorders can involve a combination of the following factors. Those are: (1) biological factors, which include genetic predisposition to developing these disorders; (2) psychological factors, which include low self-esteem, problems with self-control, depressiveness, obsessive compulsive or other personality disorders, etc.; (3) socio-cultural factors, which include the tendency to promote thinness in our media, overload of the media with images of thin celebrities as models of success, etc.

The consequences of both disorders can be rather serious and even life-threatening. People with Anorexia are under high risks of receiving heart disease, as well as having hormonal changes, infertility, amenorrhea, nerve and brain damage, problems with kidneys, lungs and digestion (bloating, etc.), mental disorders, etc. Those who suffer from Bulimia usually develop problems with teeth, gums and mouth, gastrointestinal problems, electrolyte abnormalities and cardiovascular problems, low level of potassium, and a drug problem.

Treatment for both Anorexia and Bulimia usually includes a combination of the following options: (1) medical care and medications, i.e. consultations with doctors, taking antidepressants, etc.; (2) psychotherapy and counseling, i.e. cognitive behavior therapy, individual or family counseling, etc.; (3) nutritional therapy and nutritional education, i.e. consultations with a dietitian, forced nutrition (nasogastric tube – in severe cases of Anorexia); (4) hospitalization (in severe cases of Anorexia).

It is very important to raise public awareness about the causes, symptoms and dangers connected with Anorexia, Bulimia and other eating disorders. Specialists underline that these disprders are connected with a very high mortailty rate, and only 30-40% of people who suffer from Anorexia are able to fully recover in the future. That is why it is necessary to inform people, especially teenagers and youth, about all dangers and side effects of this terribel problem.

On Healthy Diet and Nutrition

February 5th, 2009 § 0

Overweight womanOverweight and obesity are among the most topical health related problems of our modern society. Being obese or overweight is primarily associated with high risks of having many serious diseases, including heart attack, diabetes, etc. Recently, overwhelming majority of women and increasing amount of men are forced to pay serious attention on the meals they eat, to count the calories or to follow some special diet, like a low-fat diet or a vegeterian diet.

There is a great deal of information about dieting and following healthy nutrition-style available in contemporary mass media. There are special TV and radio programs, in which medical doctors or other specialists speculate about different diets and give valuable and competent recommendations. It is possible to find various special magazines and other editions, presenting one or another type of diets or weigh-loss programs for the general audience. Finally, there is an abundance of sites and blogs in Internet, dedicated to the problems of obesity and overweight.

It is very important to use a complex and individual approach to solving these problems. It is essential to use assistance of experienced professionals, nutritionists or dietologists, and all the recommendations should be given, taking into consideration a number of individual factors, such as patient’s health and psychological conditions, life-style, marital status, eating habits and so on. Nevertheless, there are some common points and tips, which can be suggested to anyone, who is thinking about starting a new active life-style, eating a healthy diet and improving overall health.


Speaking about a healthy diet, first of all, it is necessary to reduce the amount of highly caloric meals in daily ration. Those are baked and fried foods. Many diet specialists suggest to decrease eating all sorts of bread and bakery, made from white refined wheat powder. At the same time, it is necessary to include some small amounts of household bread or graham crackers, because bread has some important rare nutrients, which are essential but can not be synthesized in our body in a natural way.

Also, any type of fried foods are dangerous and highly caloric. Fried and fatty meals are direct contribution into fat deposits, which are drastically increasing weigh of the body. The same can be said about sweet foods, especially sugar and its products. These foodstuffs are rich with glucose, which is a perfect source of energy, but, at the same time, can be easily conversed to fat. That is why one of the easiest and most common recommendations for fat people is to lower the consumption of sugar, sweet foods and chocolate.


Second important suggestion is decreasing the amount of junk food. Contemporary life is making us very busy and tired of our problems, children, offices, schools and all the things. That is why it is a good solution in many situations to eat prepared meals in fast food restaurants, or to use ready-to-cook products. At the same time, our favorite pizzas, Big Macs or Whoppers can be simply called “caloric bombs“. They are usually prepared with extremely dangerous fats or oils and have a lot of fat-containing ingredients, like cheese, sausages, etc.

The third tip on improving nutritional habits is to avoid overeating and eating late at night. Dietologists suggest eating three-four times a day, serving a number of different meals in small portions. If hunger appears before the scheduled meal-time, some light yogurt, piece of fruit or tomato juice can be the best solution for handling it. Also, it is better to have dinner at least two-three hours before going to bed.